Hockey Invented In England ... Not Canada
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07-29-2014, 08:59 PM
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Fredericton, NB
Originally Posted by
If you wanted to re-invent rugby tomorrow, you could borrow those rules exactly as written... like Creighton did.
No, Creighton borrowed the offside rule from a particular brand of field hockey, which had previously borrowed it from association football (soccer). The idea that early hockey offside rules came from rugby is a myth.
Here is the
1877 ice hockey offside rule
2. When a player hits the ball, any one of the same side who at such moment of hitting is nearer to the opponents’ goal line is out of play, and may not touch the ball himself, or in any way whatever prevent any other player from doing so, until the ball has been played. A player must always be on his own side of the ball.
Here is the
1975 Hockey Association offside rule
6. When a player hits the ball, and one of the same side who at such moment of hitting is nearer to the opponents' goal-line is out of play, and may not touch the ball himself, not in any way whatever prevent any other player from doing so, until the ball has been played, unless there are at least three of his opponents nearer their own goal-line; but no player is out of play when the ball is hit from the goal-line.
Here is the
1863 Association Football offside rule
6. When a player has kicked the ball, any one of the same side who is nearer to the opponent's goal line is out of play, and may not touch the ball himself, nor in any way whatever prevent any other player from doing so, until he is in play; but no player is out of play when the ball is kicked off from behind the goal line.
And finally, here are the
1871 rugby football offside rules
22: Every player is on side but is put off side if he enters a scrummage from his opponents' side or being in a scrummage gets in front of the Ball, or when the ball has been kicked, touched or is being run with by any of his own side behind him (i.e. between himself and his own goal line).
23: Every player when offside is out of the game and shall not touch the ball in any case whatever, either in or out of touch or goal, or in any way interrupt or obstruct any player, until he is again on side.
24: A player being offside is put on side when the ball has been run five yards with or kicked by or has touched the dress or person of any player of the opposite side or when one of his own side has run in front of him.
25: When a player has the Ball none of his opponents who at the time are offside may commence or attempt to run, tackle or otherwise interrupt such player until he has run five yards.
That should be clear enough. The 1877 ice hockey rules were seven in number, the 1875 HA rules were 12. In 1871 rugby football had 59 separate rules.
Last edited by Iain Fyffe: 07-29-2014 at
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